Exploring abrupt climate change induced by comets and asteroids during human history

Planet’s earliest agricultural village melted by cosmic hell in Syria

Comet Research Group in Nature

The Sun and The Express

I am still planning to post some commentary on the substance of the paper itself, but in the meantime I wanted make an observation concerning the lead author, Dr. Andrew Moore.

Many followers of the YDIH publishing saga lament for good reason that the subject has not “gone mainstream.” Which, in the case of this profound hypothesis, would require the re-publication of every nearly every academic textbook ever written. So it’s a big lift, and we need to be patient.

But “mainstream acceptance” and “support from mainstream scientists” are different things. An informative example of this is the lead author of the exciting publication below, Dr. Andrew Moore.

No “kook,” Dr. Moore. Nor is Moore a rogue scientist with the proper diplomas, but off on his own spouting professionally irresponsible speculation. Rather, Dr. Andrew M. T. Moore is the recent past president of the Archaeological Institute of America, the nation’s oldest and largest society of professional archeologists.

He taught at Yale and Arizona. Moore lectures for the AIA on Neolithic Cultures in Syria. His colleagues publish papers collected in his honor.

Andrew Moore is as mainstream as you could possibly get in Archaeology, and obviously one of the world’s great scholars of early middle eastern settlement.

So take heart cynical reader, the mainstream paddlers are here. And eventually they will carry us from the lonely shore of radical ideas into the swift current of accepted truth.

The system is working.

Fire from the Sky

Researchers find evidence of a cosmic impact that caused destruction of one of the world’s earliest human settlements
Friday, March 6, 2020 – 12:30
Santa Barbara, CA

James Kennett

Before the Taqba Dam impounded the Euphrates River in northern Syria in the 1970s, an archaeological site named Abu Hureyra bore witness to the moment ancient nomadic people first settled down and started cultivating crops.  A large mound marks the settlement, which now lies under Lake Assad.

But before the lake formed, archaeologists were able to carefully extract and describe much material, including parts of houses, food and tools — an abundance of evidence that allowed them to identify the transition to agriculture nearly 12,800 years ago. It was one of the most significant events in our Earth’s cultural and environmental history.

Abu Hureyra, it turns out, has another story to tell. Found among the cereals and grains and splashed on early building material and animal bones was meltglass, some features of which suggest it was formed at extremely high temperatures — far higher than what humans could achieve at the time — or that could be attributed to fire, lighting or volcanism.

“To help with perspective, such high temperatures would completely melt an automobile in less than a minute,” said James Kennett, a UC Santa Barbara emeritus professor of geology. Such intensity, he added, could only have resulted from an extremely violent, high-energy, high-velocity phenomenon, something on the order of a cosmic impact.

Based on materials collected before the site was flooded, Kennett and his colleagues contend Abu Hureyra is the first site to document the direct effects of a fragmented comet on a human settlement. These fragments are all part of the same comet that likely slammed into Earth and exploded in the atmosphere at the end of the Pleistocene epoch, according to Kennett. This impact contributed to the extinction of most large animals, including mammoths, and American horses and camels; the disappearance of the North American Clovis culture; and to the abrupt onset of the end-glacial Younger Dryas cooling episode.

The team’s findings are highlighted in a paper published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports.

“Our new discoveries represent much more powerful evidence for very high temperatures that could only be associated with a cosmic impact,” said Kennett, who with his colleagues first reported evidence of such an event in the region in 2012.

Abu Hureyra lies at the easternmost sector of what is known as the Younger Dryas Boundary (YDB) strewnfield, which encompasses about 30 other sites in the Americas, Europe and parts of the Middle East. These sites hold evidence of massive burning, including a widespread carbon-rich “black mat” layer that contains millions of nanodiamonds, high concentrations of platinum and tiny metallic spherules formed at very high temperatures. The YDB impact hypothesis has gained more traction in recent years because of many new discoveries, including a very young impact crater beneath the Hiawatha Glacier of the Greenland ice sheet, and high-temperature meltglass and other similar evidence at an archaeological site in Pilauco, located in southern Chile.

“The Abu Hureyra village would have been abruptly destroyed,” Kennett said. Unlike the evidence from Pilauco, which was limited to human butchering of large animals up to but not younger than the YDB impact burn layer, Abu Hureyra shows direct evidence of the disaster on this early human settlement. An impact or an airburst must have occurred sufficiently close to send massive heat and molten glass over the entire early village, Kennett noted.

The glass was analyzed for geochemical composition, shape, structure, formation temperature, magnetic characteristics and water content. Results from the analysis showed that it formed at very high temperatures and included minerals rich in chromium, iron, nickel, sulfides, titanium and even platinum- and iridium-rich melted iron — all of which formed in temperatures higher than 2200 degrees Celsius.

“The critical materials are extremely rare under normal temperatures, but are commonly found during impact events,” Kennett said. According to the study, the meltglass was formed “from the nearly instantaneous melting and vaporization of regional biomass, soils and floodplain deposits, followed by instantaneous cooling.” Additionally, because the materials found are consistent with those found in the YDB layers at the other sites across the world, it’s likely that they resulted from a fragmented comet, as opposed to impacts caused by individual comets or asteroids.

“A single major asteroid impact would not have caused such widely scattered materials like those discovered at Abu Hureyra,” Kennett said. “The largest cometary debris clusters are proposed to be capable of causing thousands of airbursts within a span of minutes across one entire hemisphere of Earth. The YDB hypothesis proposed this mechanism to account for the widely dispersed coeval materials across more than 14,000 kilometers of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Our Abu Hureyra discoveries strongly support a major impact event from such a fragmented comet.”

Research on this study was conducted also by Andrew Moore, from the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York; William M. Napier, from the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium in Norther Ireland; Ted E. Bunch and James H. Wittke, from Northern Arizona University; James C. Weaver, from Harvard University; Malcolm LeCompte and A. Victor Adedji, from Elizabeth State University in North Carolina; Paul Hackley, from the United States Geological Survey; Gunther Kletetschka, from the Czech Academy of the Sciences, Charles University in the Czech Republic and University of Alaska; Robert E. Hermes, from Los Alamos National Laboratory (retired); Joshua J. Razink from the University of Oregon; Michael Willam Gaultois, from the University of Liverpool in the UK; and Allen West, from the Comet Research Group in Arizona.

Contact Info:

Sonia Fernandez

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4 Responses

  1. Absolutely fascinating stuff, such a shame its all under Lake Assad now so no follow up possible. I recall decades ago seeing some ancient art work from the Levant that depicted several firey comets in the sky.

    It makes me wonder now about the vitrification found on some bronze age hill forts here in NE Scotland. I had planned to revist the Rhynie one over the coming month ( family friends own the neighbouring hill ) so will pay special attention to that when there. There is circumstantial yet mounting evidence to suggest these sites in this area are significantly older than the textbooks state. Perhaps there is some element or compound in the vitreous material that lends itself to a particular dating technique? If anyone knows please say!

  2. For now. I cannot understand why this post did not generate any discussion. This paper is an extremely important one, by some excellent scientists. I wish to add, that I am working on a manuscript nearing completion, where I have over the past decade been putting together as much as I could on the Younger Dryas, and several other somewhat lesser events thereafter. If I may be so bold to suggest, I believe the contents of this new book bring much material from various disciplines to make what I think is an airtight case for the Younger Dryas, as a truly exceptional event. Now all I need to do is find a good publisher? I did self publish earlier, a much shorter book on the Younger Dryas, called “Sudden Cold.”

  3. Made my cynical comment before reading the article –> Just the publication of that piece with all the authors known for their willingness to investigate and test alternative but scientifically testable hypotheses, is the most encouraging news in years. For so long, it has seemed that the Rulers of the Pinky-Sworn Orthodoxy had closed Ranks to squash any threatening heresy whatsoever.

    Thanks for the Good News.

  4. Candide Schmyles, you can find some contrasting judgments and comments from Antonio Zamora and Robert Schoch.
    Besides his analysis of the Carolina “bays,” Mr. Zamora has published several helpful videos addressing the vitrified ancient vitrified stone architecture.
    Zamora’s video at this link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5ZT4_18NZk
    focuses on the Dun Deardail project, that had investigated one particular hill fort, and included an experiment in which “professional dry stone wallers” built a length of wall, upon which a large pile wood was stacked and allowed to burn through the night.
    The video is only about 17 minutes, but lots of information.
    Mr. Zamora in this video is reviewing information and lines of reasoning, not so much trying to promote one point of view.

    You may know Robert Schoch – Phd in Geology & Geophysics – as the geologist who upsot the Egyptologists by pointing out that the Sphinx and its two temples and enclosure were eroded by thousands of years of Precipitation, NOT wind, Not Nile flooding. He has speculated that some of the vitrified Scottish hill forts might have been melted by solar outbursts, but he has not – as far as I know – actually visited any yet.

    The conspicuous point seems to be that solar outbursts could not have selectively melted ONLY the hill forts; they would have left huge scorched regions, and vitrified rock in thousands of locations.

    At the website http://www.robertschoch.com you can get a sense of the role he reasons that Intense Solar outbursts have played in the past. He has posted a lot of his thoughts on the site, and he has also shared much of his perspective and insights in scores of interviews.

    He’s published several books describing the archaeologic and geologic evidence he’s considered that forced him to conclude that our planet and human civilizations have been profoundly transformed by episodes of Solar instability, including outbursts, flares, and Coronal Mass Ejections. He doesn’t seem to be convinced yet that the Younger Dryas was a comet multiple fragment impact event.

    Here’s an article on Schoch v. YD comet hypothesis right here in the Cosmic Tusk site:

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