Exploring abrupt climate change induced by comets and asteroids during human history

Cosmic airburst of biblical proportions revealed by Comet Research Group

Tusk leaves keyboard for unparalleled excavation in Hashemite Kingdom

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A few of my photos

This is an easy Monday post. The Tusk was a minor co-author of a paper with extraordinary implications for science and faith published today in Nature’s Scientific Reports. The lengthy journal article has been under development since 2014 when I first traveled to Jordan to join the wonderful Trinity Southwest University at Tall el-Hammam.

The materials from Tall el-Hammam confirm the largest cosmic airburst in human experience following the Younger Dryas Impact. The data also support significant portions of the Book of Genesis itself.

Your correspondent was not a child of the bible. I grew up with the best and worst of the 1970’s; enlightened in a sense, but cynically secular. As a kid I thought the bible was a compilation of campfire stories told by wise men. I stayed a kid for a long time, but my mind began to change in 1996 when I discovered the Younger Dryas impact.

I came to believe that hundreds of ancient “myths” throughout history accurately describe periods of intense cosmic impact activity. Gods fighting in the sky, cataclysms of floods, waves and earthquakes, “smiting” of people from the earth, perhaps all true in a scientific sense. By the time I was introduced to Tall el-Hammam by Mr. Phil Clapham (more on him in the future) I was well prepared to believe there could be provable, objective truth behind the story of Sodom and Gomorrah.

Tusk video of Dig Director Steve Collins on Tall el-Hammam summit

I’ll describe my experience on the dig more fully in a future post. But suffice for this post I spent five weeks in the beautiful Jordan Valley picking up rocks and tearing down mudbrick walls in February of 2014 and 2015 — indeed, the Tusk collected some of the study samples.

The time away from my family and company was well spent. I’ll treasure forever the opportunity to join the biblical scholars and faithful volunteers of the Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project and Trinity Southwest. It was a unique experience that increased my hard-headed observational abilities and, more significantly, my own faith. 

Dr. Edward “Clay” Swindell, Dr. Timothy Witwer, Dr. Malcolm LeCompte & The Tusk

This post will be expanded with news articles and some additional tweaks as the week progresses. But I wanted to get the paper out for your perusal, fresh from the press, as the week begins.




4 Responses

  1. Congratulations George,

    Thank you also for your post on 911-
    20 years later and one wonders if 20 years from now, 911 will be even remembered… I was sad to have witnessed a Very Large Stars and Stripes, that wasn’t even at 1/2 mast that day on this month.

    We Missed you in Peru!

    Also: I was disoriented down there, a little bit, as the sun stayed low on the horizon of the northern most (East) sky.
    The Inca (and Those Mega Builders Who Pre-dated them—) also treated East as a “North” in importance. I learned that down there, so it is an interesting correlation.

    Stay well George- and I hope to be adventuring / learning again, with you guys soon!

  2. Fact checkinh (after browsing the paper):

    1. Boslough was mentioned at the end of article, but no year, and by the source it seems one of his earlier papers. He did wrote one where he downsized the magnitude of the Tunguska blast to 3-5 Mt.

    2. The paper is confusing about the size of devastation. Sometimes it is 25 km radius, sometimes 25 km diameter (500 square km), sometimes less, sometimes much more than 2000 square km (on one hypothetical graph several times more). Conclusion: they have to resolve this issue.

    3. They mention a possibility of a small crater being erased in a flood plain.

    4. Biblical times and area.

    5. No mention of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa.

    6. 4% of weight being salt that they spoke about was not 4% of the weight of the impactor, but 4% of the weight of the entire layer of soil. This is another, much larger can of worms.

    7. Comparison with Tunguska intensive. Claims of a larger blast based on bones being shatered by it on this site, but not on Tunguska.
    Yet, on Tunguska the forest provided a significant protection from winds, which is not acknowledged by the authors of this paper, and there were only 3 casualties, too few for comparison with a heavily populated area, that had had 3 order of magnitude more people present at the time of impact. Besides, their shamans timely warned the population of Tunguska, and so they mostly evacuated the endangered area.

    8. Impact calculator is as reliable for a scientific use as is Wikipedia. Sometimes it is very accurate, for well studied cases, but mostly it is not, for there are very few well studied cases, if any.

    9. The thickness of atmosphere is 10 tons of material per square meter, vertically, which is an equivalent of 10 m of water depth. As the impact angle goes closer to horizon, this value increases, at first slowly, then considerably. Yet, stone is denser, so 10 m of water is by mass an equivalent of only 4 m of rock. This kind of layer is expected to stop in its track an object of 75 m by their estimate, incoming at cosmic speed.
    This is possible, but the impact angle must be lower than their estimate, much closer to horizon, implying a highly elliptical blast area.

    10. There are no detailed math estimates of impact energy required to produced the stated effects, only compariosns with Tunguska. It is essential to discuss mass, energy, impact angle, density, type, and composition of the impactor in impact studies, even to some extent.

    11. Salt was detected only in the layer of the blast, in considerable percentage, but neither below, nor above it. the source of salt is guessed to be an unidentified salt sediment (several of which are present in the area) that was somehow disturbed, but this was not resolved. One should calculate precisely how much salt was relocated (the mass of it), and means of distribution, if there are no craters. An airburst can not do that. There must have been a crater created somewhere upon one of those salt sediments, an impact site.

    12. Solving all these issues would be a tricky, and very delicate, math intensive work.

  3. An excellent paper with a huge amount of compelling evidence. Congratulations George and co. Maybe some fine details remain to be ironed out, but the main message couldn’t be clearer. Fantastic work.

  4. I’ve been aware of Dr. Collins work for
    sometime. I’m very pleased to see a compelling research get the attention and scrutiny it so much deserves. Excellent.

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